The Use of Politeness Strategy and The Influence Factors in Political Talk Show


  • Haryanto Haryanto Universitas Islam Nahdlatul Ulama Jepara
  • Novita Indriani Politeknik Negeri Samarinda
  • Muh. Safar Universitas Muhammadiyah Bone
  • Fini Widya Fansiska Universitas Muhammadiyah Pringsewu
  • Dyah Utami Dewi Institut Bisnis dan Informatika Kosgoro Jakarta



politeness strategy, Mata Najwa, political talk show


Maintaining etiquette in speech acts is a part of politeness strategies conducted in communication. This study aimed to describe the use of politeness strategies and the influence factors found in the political talk show of Mata Najwa. The research method employed a descriptive qualitative one as proposed by Brown and Levinson’s four politeness strategies. Face is indicated as an inherently political element in the theory of Goffman. The data is a dialogue transcription taken from Mata Najwa YouTube.on 18 October 2023. The techniques of collecting data were documentation by watching, listening, transcribing, reviewing the transcription, and selecting the speakers’ utterances. The data analysis involved identifying, and classifying utterances based on politeness strategies, analyzing frequency, interpreting the data, and drawing conclusions. The analysis of 193 utterances showed that 114 of them had positive politeness strategy data (59%), 34 had bald-on politeness strategy data (17,6%), 24 had negative politeness strategy data (12,4%), and 21 had off-record politeness strategy data (17,6%). The positive politeness method is the most commonly employed tactic. It suggests that the inclination toward familiarity between speakers and listeners as well as the sentiment to reveal people's individuality by lowering FTA in each phrase is generated by particular factors. That becomes a point for speakers to build and maintain relationships.

Author Biographies

Haryanto Haryanto, Universitas Islam Nahdlatul Ulama Jepara

Prodi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris


Novita Indriani, Politeknik Negeri Samarinda

Program Studi Pariwisata

Muh. Safar, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bone

Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

Fini Widya Fansiska, Universitas Muhammadiyah Pringsewu

Program Studi S1 Keperawatan Fakultas Kesehatan 


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How to Cite

Haryanto, H., Indriani, N. ., Safar, M., Fansiska, F. W., & Dewi, D. U. (2024). The Use of Politeness Strategy and The Influence Factors in Political Talk Show. Surakarta English and Literature Journal, 7(1), 86–100.